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YWAM DTS Notes Missions based on lectures by Calvin and
The biblical and historical
foundation for missions
focus of God�s concern in people, we are created for relationship with Him.
indigenous church must be planted among each people group.
father of modern missions is William Carey.
William Carey: Missionary-Evangelist
by Fred Barlow from Profiles in Evangelism ©1976
English Baptist missionary to India. Born in England in 1761. Pastor before
going to the mission field, he spent an active forty-one years serving the Lord
in India, including translating the Scriptures.
"Shoemaker by trade, but scholar, linguist and missionary by God's training,"
William Carey was one of God's giants in the history of evangelism! One of his
biographers, F. Dealville Walker, wrote of Carey: "He, with a few
contemporaries, was almost singlehanded in conquering the prevailing
indifference and hostility to missionary effort; Carey developed a plan for
missions, and printed his amazing Enquiry; he influenced timid and hesitating
men to take steps to the evangelizing of the world." Another wrote of him,
"Taking his life as a whole, it is not too much to say that he was the greatest
and most versatile Christian missionary sent out in modern times."
was born in England, August 17, 1761, of a weaver's family. In 1785 he moved to
Moulton to become a schoolmaster � and a year later he became pastor of the
small Baptist congregation there. It was in Moulton that Carey heard the
missionary call. In his own words he cried, "My attention to missions was first
awakened after I was at Moulton, by reading the Last Voyage of Captain Cook." To
many, Cook's Journal was a thrilling story of adventure, but to Carey it was a
revelation of human need! He then began to read every book that had any bearing
on the subject. (This, along with his language study � for at twenty-one years
of age Carey had mastered Latin, Greek, Hebrew and Italian, and was turning to
Dutch and French. One well called his shoemaker's cottage "Carey's College," for
as he cobbled shoes along with his preaching he never sat at his bench without
some kind of a book before him.)
more he read and studied, the more convinced he was "the peoples of the world
need Christ." He read, he made notes, he made a great leather globe of the world
and, one day, in the quietness of his cobbler's shop � not in some enthusiastic
missionary conference � Carey heard the call: "If it be the duty of all men to
believe the Gospel ... then it be the duty of those who are entrusted with the
Gospel to endeavor to make it known among all nations." And Carey sobbed out,
"Here am I; send me!"
surrender was one thing � to get to the field was quite another problem. There
were no missionary societies and there was no real missionary interest. When
Carey brought up this subject for discussion at a ministers' meeting, "Whether
the command given to the apostles to teach all nations was not obligatory on all
succeeding ministers to the end of the world, seeing that the accompanying
promise was of equal extent," One leader shouted, "Young man, sit down: when God
pleases to covert the heathen, He will do it without your aid or mine." Another
added his feelings as resembling the unbelieving gate keeper of Samaria, who
said, "If the Lord should make windows in heaven, how could such a thing be?"
Carey persisted. Carey wrote his famed Enquiry Into the Obligations of the
Christians to Use Means for the Conversion of the Heathen. In this masterpiece
on missions Carey answered arguments, surveyed the history of missions from
apostolic times, surveyed the entire known world as to countries, size,
population and religions, and dealt with the practical application of how to
reach the world for Christ!
prayed, he pled with others, and he persisted. And he preached, "EXPECT GREAT
THINGS FROM GOD. ATTEMPT GREAT THINGS FOR GOD." The result of that message
preached at Nottingham, May 30, 1792 � and all the other missionary ministries
of Carey � produced the particular Baptist Missionary Society, formed that Fall
at Kettering on October 2, 1792. A subscription was started and, ironically,
Carey could not contribute any money toward it except the pledge of the profit
from his book, The Enquiry.
was in 1793 that Carey went to India. There were years of discouragement (no
Indian convert for seven years), debt, disease, deterioration of his wife's
mind, death, but by the grace of God � and by the power of the Word � Carey
continued and conquered for Christ!
he died at 73 (1834), he had seen the Scriptures translated and printed into
forty languages, he had been a college professor, and had founded a college at
Serampore. He had seen India open its doors to missionaries, he had seen the
edict passed prohibiting sati (burning widows on the funeral pyres of their dead
husbands), and he had seen converts for Christ.
in the second era of mission in 1865 was Hudson Taylor.
Hudson Taylor: Pioneer Missionary
Barlow from Profiles in Evangelism, ©1976
missionary to China.
Founder, China Inland Mission. Spent five years translating the New Testament
into the Ningpo dialect. At his death in 1905, there were 205 stations with 849
missionaries, and 125,000 Chinese Christians in the China Inland Mission.
move men through God -- by prayer," that was the philosophy of J. Hudson Taylor,
first missionary to the interior of China and the founder of the China Inland
Mission, which is today Overseas Missionary Fellowship or OMF. As a teenager he
accepted Christ and soon heard from Heaven, "Go for Me to China.�
his call Taylor first moved from the comforts of his home with his parents
and two sisters to work for a doctor in a small poor town and accumulate a
little medical knowledge, and began to learn to live by faith, as his salary was
small and the doctor sometimes forgot to pay him. He had been called out late
one night to witness to and pray over a sick woman with starving children. As he
tried to pray, his words choked in his mouth because he had in his possession a
silver coin that would answer his prayer and alleviate their sufferings
somewhat. "Hypocrite!" he heard his heart condemn him. "Telling people about a
kind and loving Father in Heaven -- and not prepared to trust Him yourself,
without your money!" He gave them his last coin -- only one bowl of porridge
between him and poverty! As he ate that last meal he remembered the Scripture,
"He that giveth to the poor lendeth to the Lord."
day he received a package. In it was a gold coin -- worth ten times the silver
coin. Taylor cried out triumphantly, "That's good interest! Ha! Ha!
Invested in God's bank for twelve hours and it brings me this! That's the bank
nineteen years of age, Taylor
learned he could trust and obey God in every area of his life. There were many
lessons to learn, but at the first he learned that a man can take God at His
Word. Praying! And answers to prayer! That became the passion of his life. He
learned to move men through God by prayer. He asked no man for any material
were storms at sea and miraculous deliverances in that five-and-one-half months'
journey to China. There was civil war when he landed at Shanghai, rebels holding the city. Fires, famine, fearsome
circumstances were fought by the young missionary on his knees and God delivered
him. And at the age of twenty-two, eight months a missionary, he also found
himself responsible for supplying the needs of newly-arriving missionaries, the
ministered in the river towns, married a wife and saw many miracles in converted
Chinese. But on June 25, 1865, he made his move to minister to the millions of
"West of the Mountains, South of the Clouds, North of the Lake"--Inland China. At Brighton, England, on
furlough, he opened a bank account: "Ten pounds" (Fifty dollars) in the name of
"The China Inland Mission." His initial goal was twenty-four workers. The next
May the twenty-four sailed. Then there were seventy more, and another hundred.
And finally more than eight hundred missionaries ministered across the miles of
China's interior. Truly this man of faith excelled in the ministry of moving men
through God by prayer.
Taylor died in 1905, before the communist takeover of his beloved China. His
days were days of extensive and effective evangelism.
William Cameron Townsend
founder of Wycliffe Bible Translators
(from the Wycliffe website)
Cameron Townsend tried to sell Spanish Bibles in Guatemala in l9l7-l8, he
discovered that the majority of the people he met did not understand Spanish.
Neither did they have a written form of their own beautiful language, the
Cakchiquel. Townsend abandoned his attempts to sell Bibles and began living
among the Cakchiquels. He learned their complex language, created an alphabet
for it, analyzed the grammar and translated the New Testament in the remarkably
short span of ten years.
about other minority language groups, Townsend opened Camp Wycliffe in Arkansas
in the summer of l934. Named for the first translator of the entire English
Bible, the camp was designed to train young people in basic linguistics and
translation methods. Two students enrolled. The following year, after a training
session with five men in attendance, Townsend took the five to Mexico to begin
field work. From this small beginning has grown the worldwide ministry of the
Summer Institute of Linguistics, Wycliffe Bible
Wycliffe Associates, and the technical department of SIL
cultural group is considered too small and no language too difficult. Pioneering
continues as several thousand workers break new ground in many parts of the
world. The highest standards of linguistics and anthropological orientation are
upheld. Service is stressed. All field work is done in cooperation with host
governments, universities and philanthropic groups. Portions of the Christian
Scriptures are translated for people in their mother tongue, the language of
the daunting complexities of at least a thousand unwritten languages in the
world today, Wycliffe workers trust God for the impossible as He provides the
resources needed to reach the forgotten, by-passed minority people of the world.
Mc Gavran 1897-1990, A missionary, educator, author, and a minister in the
Christian Church/Disciples of Christ, Donald Mc Gavran was founding dean of
Fuller Theological Seminary's School of World Mission in Pasadena, CA.[1965-71]
Serving as a United Christian Missionary Society missionary in his native India
from 1923 to 1957, he later worked as a professor at Indianapolis's College of
Missions (1957-60) and as a director at Northwest Christian College, Institute
of Church Growth [1961-65] before joining Fuller in 1965. There he became senior
professor of missions in 1971-1990. He was also Director of the Lilly Endowment
Research in Church Growth in Latin America from 1965-1967. A biography is found
at Wheaton archives.
addition, McGavran lectured and founded churches around the United States and
wrote numerous books, among them How to Teach Religion in Mission Schools, How
Churches Grow, Understanding Church Growth, Crucial Issues in Missions Tomorrow,
The Eye of the Storm: The Great Debate in Missions, and The Clash between
Christianity and Cultures. His articles appeared in International Review of
Missions, Missiology, Evangelical Missions Quarterly, Christianity Today, and
other periodicals. He was also a writer of news and views column in United
Church Review, India, 1943-47 and editor of Church Growth Bulletin, 1964-90. He
was a member of the National Association of Professors of Missions and the
American Society of Missiology.
founding the Fuller School of World Missions, McGavran developed the methodology
of �contextualization� of the gospel for each culture and which teaching is
found in the Perspectives curriculum. His Bridges of God (1954), originally
titled, "How Peoples Become Christian" is viewed
the classic summons for missionaries to utilize the "bridges" of family and
kinship ties within each people group thereby promoting "people movements" to
Christ...To Christianize a whole people, the first thing not to do is snatch
individuals out of it into a different society. Thus a Christward movement
within a people can be defeated either by extracting the new Christian from
their society (i.e. by allowing them to be squeezed out by their non-Christian
relatives) or by the non-Christians so dominating the Christians that their new
life in Christ is not apparent.... It is important to note that the the group
decision is not the sum of the separate individual decisions. The leader makes
sure that his followers will follow. The followers make sure that they are not
ahead of each other. Husbands sound out wives...As the group considers becoming
Christina, tension mounts and excitement rises. Indeed, a prolonged informal
vote-taking is under way. A change of religion involves community change. Only
as its members move together does change become healthy and constructive."
[Perspectives Reader, p.B-137-140]
Gavrans methodology of "people movements" and the idea that cultures were to be
"redeemed" by "redemptive analogies" are globally embraced. According to Mc
Gavran the focus of the church is not to save individuals or disciple them,
although he points out that is not to be forgotten. However, "extraction
evangelism", that is, to save one person out of the "context" of his
sociological 'unit' is a setback to global evangelization. He believed that when
Jesus said to make 'disciples of the nations', He meant literally, the entire
NATIONS including the governments. He also did some work with Charles and Win
Arn in senior adult evangelism.
heart is for all people. God confused the languages in the Story of Babel in
Gen. 11:1-9. The world had one language and one culture but they rebelled
against God�s plan and refused to spread out over the whole earth. God created
new languages and ultimately caused new cultures to be developed, at least 70
languages going back to Gen. 10:1-32. There comes a time when God has to bring
judgment. God is balancing His patience with His holiness. The rest of the
Old Testament chronicles God�s interacting with the peoples of the region of the
indicates God was intimately involved with every people group and He still is.
People groups God interacted with include the Egyptians, Canaanites, Moabites,
Amorites, Perezites, Jebusites, Philistines, Assyrians, Babylonians,
Phoenicians, Mesopotamians, Edomites, Cushites, Ammonites, Sidonians, Persians,
Samarians, Midianites, Horites, Hivites, Schechemites, Shunamites, Medes,
Ninevites, Hitites, Amalekites, Ethiopians, Romans, Greeks, Chaldeans, Shuhites,
Temanites, and more.
Abrahamic Covenant from
Now the LORD said to Abram, "Go forth from your country, and from your relatives
and from your father's house, to the land which I will show you; 2 And I will
make you a great nation, and I will bless you, and make your name great; and so
you shall be a blessing; and I will bless those who bless you, and the one who
curses you I will curse. And in you all the families of the earth will be
blessed." We see from this that God's heart is for all people. Bless you is
the top line of the covenant and then bless others is the bottom line or
responsibility part, "you shall be a blessing" v. 2 "all the families of the
earth shall be blessed" v. 3. You can see this promise repeated throughout
4000 year connection
Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the
gospel beforehand to Abraham, saying, "ALL THE NATIONS WILL BE BLESSED IN YOU."
heart is for the Egyptians. God loves all people equally. The Egyptians
worshipped the creation rather than the Creator. Every one of the plagues were
focused on either an object of their worship or their witchcraft. More than 15
times in Exodus God proclaimed His motivation for all that He did to the
Egyptians. �That the Egyptians will know that I am the only true God.� God
warned them, God told them a way out, and why He was doing it. God calls them
day there will be an altar to the LORD in the midst of the land of Egypt, and a
pillar to the LORD near its border. 20 It will become a sign and a witness to
the LORD of hosts in the land of Egypt; for they will cry to the LORD because of
oppressors, and He will send them a Savior and a Champion , and He will deliver
them. 21 Thus the LORD will make Himself known to Egypt, and the Egyptians will
know the LORD in that day. They will even worship with sacrifice and offering,
and will make a vow to the LORD and perform it. 22 The LORD will strike Egypt,
striking but healing; so they will return to the LORD, and He will respond to
them and will heal them. 23 In that day there will be a highway from Egypt to
Assyria, and the Assyrians will come into Egypt and the Egyptians into Assyria, and the Egyptians
will worship with the Assyrians. 24 In that day Israel will be the third party
with Egypt and Assyria, a blessing in the midst of the earth, 25 whom the LORD
of hosts has blessed, saying, "Blessed is Egypt My people, and Assyria the work
of My hands, and Israel My inheritance." Isaiah
600 AD Egypt
was a solid Christian nation, and a hub for Christianity before Islam came.
told the Athenians about the unknown God. "The God who made the world and all
things in it, since He is Lord of heaven and earth, does not dwell in temples
made with hands; 25 nor is He served by human hands, as though He needed
anything, since He Himself gives to all people life and breath and all things;
26 and He made from one man every nation of mankind to live on all the face of
the earth, having determined their appointed times and the boundaries of their
habitation, 27 that they would seek God, if perhaps they might grope for Him and
find Him, though He is not far from each one of us; 28 for in Him we live and
move and exist , as even some of your own poets have said, 'For we also are His
man inhabit the whole earth, He determines the times set for them being
intimately involved in their history. He determined the exact places where they
should live. The Satare people in Brazil have carved doves into many wood
pieces in their building because they believe a dove led them to the area they
settled in. This opened the door to share the Gospel and the work of the Holy
Spirit for a YWAMer on outreach. Mankind needs to seek God for his survival in
coping with hardship. The way culture is created is by human beings coping with
every nation, Greek is ethne or ethnos, these are people groups,
not political entities, but languages and cultures. Ta ethne means all
people groups. There are 54 minority people groups in China, the smallest is
about 10 million people.
gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all
the nations, and then the end will come.
are 300 people groups in Indonesia, 85% of the Christians there are Chinese, so
there is much work to do with the other people groups there.
wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness
of men who suppress the truth in unrighteousness, 19 because that which is known
about God is evident within them; for God made it evident to them. 20 For since
the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine
nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so
that they are without excuse.
Romans 1:18-20 (NASB)
been involved with all people, men suppress the truth they know by their
wickedness and the truth is not passed on.
no perfect culture in the world today. Through creation God has made clear to
all peoples all that can be known about Him. God�s invisible qualities, eternal
power, and divine nature. This is general revelation. However, all our view of
God and creation are incomplete. We see through a glass dimly (I Cor. 13:12).
God is too great to be contained in one culture. What is God�s ultimate
purpose? Some will stand before God from every tribe, nation, and tongue (Rev.
5:9-10). Christ has purchased humans from every tribe, language, people, and
nation After these things I looked, and behold, a great multitude which no one
could count, from every nation and all tribes and peoples and tongues, standing
before the throne and before the Lamb, clothed in white robes, and palm branches
were in their hands; 10 and they cry out with a loud voice, saying, "Salvation
to our God who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb."
and 7 have the same phrase. Salvation belongs to our God (Jonah 2:9). Eph.
5:27 talks about the church, the bride of Christ, having no spot or wrinkle, a
complete bride from every people.
missions song, �Our Heart� by John Chisum and George Searcy sung by Bob Fitts.
heart our desire
see the nations worship
sing Your praise to the ends of the earth
with one mighty voice
tribe and tongue rejoices
heart our desire
see the nations worship You
mercy showers down upon all people
race upon this earth
Spirit pierce the darkness
the chains of death upon us
rise in honest worship
declare Your matchless worth
no power that for one hour
withstand the greatness
Word on tongues of faith
bold in intercession
now that every heart will bow
You Lord in praise in praise
heart our desire
see the nations worship You
Integrity's Hosanna!/Integrity's Praise! Music
Getting the Big Picture
Christians are puzzled by their Bible. How does one book relate to the others?
What is the big picture?
Introduction Gen. 1-11
Gen. 12 � Jude
Introduction Gen. 1:26;
3:14-16 proto evangelicum (the first time in Scripture where the promise of a
Savior is given) 9:8-17 a covenant with all flesh (Noah and the rainbow).
10:17 the table of the nations with 70 listed. The Jews were Semites. Chapters
1 � 10 of Genesis are a bit condensed then 11 backs up in time. How many books
are in Heaven? We know about the Lambs Book of Life. What about the register
of the peoples? I shall mention Rahab and Babylon among those who know Me; Behold, Philistia and Tyre with
Ethiopia: 'This one was born there.' "
5 But of
Zion it shall be said, "This one and that one were born in her"; And the Most
High Himself will establish her. 6 The LORD will count when He registers the
peoples, "This one was born there."
LORD said to Abram, "Go forth from your country, and from your relatives
your father's house, to the land which I will show you; 2 and I will make you a
great nation, and I will bless you, and make your name great; and so you shall
be a blessing; 3 and I will bless those who bless you, and the one who curses
you I will curse. And in you all the families of the earth will be blessed."
18:16-18 repeats the Abrahamic covenant. Gen. 22:16-18 gives the strongest
promise God can make swearing by His own name. Again the covenant is
reiterated. Gen. 26:1-4 God tells Isaac about The Promise. Gen. 28:11-14 God
tells Jacob repeating The Promise to the next generation. Jerusalem is
strategic real estate, the center. The Promise is mentioned in I Chron.
16:8-31, especially note vv. 8, 23,24,29 and 31. II Kings 19:17-19 and Psalm
67. With every top line blessing comes a bottom line responsibility. God
blesses us so that all the earth may fear the Lord. Now there is a veil but the
Lord will be revealed to the nations, all the nations. The LORD of hosts will
prepare a lavish banquet for all peoples on this mountain; a banquet of aged
wine, choice pieces with marrow, and refined , aged wine. 7 And on this mountain
He will swallow up the covering which is over all peoples, even the veil which
is stretched over all nations.
reminded me of II Cor. 4:3-4 And even if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled to
those who are perishing, 4 in whose case the god of this world has blinded the
minds of the unbelieving so that they might not see the light of the gospel of
the glory of Christ, who is the image of God. (NASB)
the earth brings forth its sprouts, and as a garden causes the things sown in it
to spring up, so the Lord GOD will cause righteousness and praise to spring up
before all the nations.
says the LORD of hosts, 'It will yet be that peoples will come, even the
inhabitants of many cities. 21 'The inhabitants of one will go to another,
saying, "Let us go at once to entreat the favor of the LORD, and to seek the
LORD of hosts; I will also go." 22 'So many peoples and mighty nations
will come to seek the LORD of hosts in Jerusalem and to entreat the favor of the
LORD.' 23 "Thus says the LORD of hosts, 'In those days ten men from all the
nations will grasp the garment of a Jew, saying, "Let us go with you, for we
have heard that God is with you.""'
Zech 8:20-23 (NASB) This is why the Jews were chosen in the first place
bring the other nations of the earth to the Lord.
from the rising of the sun even to its setting, My name will be great among
the nations, and in every place incense is going to be offered to My name,
and a grain offering that is pure; for My name will be great among the
nations," says the LORD of hosts. Mal
began to teach and say to them, "Is it not written, 'MY HOUSE SHALL BE CALLED A
HOUSE OF PRAYER FOR
ALL THE NATIONS'?
But you have made it a ROBBERS' DEN."
said to them, "These are My words which I spoke to you while I was still with
you, that all things which are written about Me in the Law of Moses and the
Prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilled." 45 Then He opened their minds to
understand the Scriptures, 46 and He said to them, "Thus it is written, that the
Christ would suffer and rise again from the dead the third day, 47 and that
repentance for forgiveness of sins would be proclaimed in His name to all the
nations, beginning from Jerusalem. 48 "You are witnesses of these things. 49
"And behold, I am sending forth the promise of My Father upon you; but you are
to stay in the city until you are clothed with power from on high."
Luke 24:44-49 (NASB)
have a peak of the end of history for all the nations in And they sang* a new
song, saying, "Worthy are You to take the book and to break its seals; for You
were slain, and purchased for God with Your blood men from every tribe and
tongue and people and nation.
After these things I looked, and behold, a great multitude which no one could
count, from every nation and all tribes and peoples and tongues, standing before
the throne and before the Lamb, clothed in white robes, and palm branches were
in their hands
that opens the door to biblical understanding of the big picture is seeing the
Abrahamic covenant. Do a test on biblical passages, for example the Ten
Commandments. The first four deal with our relationship with God. Another
example, Jesus gives the greatest commandment in
You might ask where is the cross cultural or all peoples emphasis of blessing?
The good Samaritan.
God does love the world. We see The Promise in
Rom. 4:13-14,16,20; Rom. 9:8-9; Gal. 3:17,19,29; Eph. 2:12; 3:6; II Tim. 1:1;
and Heb. 11:11.
heart of evangelism and missions
though I am free from all men, I have made myself a slave to all, so that I may
win more. 20 To the Jews I became as a Jew, so that I might win Jews; to those
who are under the Law, as under the Law though not being myself under the Law,
so that I might win those who are under the Law; 21 to those who are without
law, as without law, though not being without the law of God but under the law
of Christ, so that I might win those who are without law. 22 To the weak I
became weak, that I might win the weak; I have become all things to all men, so
that I may by all means save some. 23 I do all things for the sake of the
gospel, so that I may become a fellow partaker of it. I Cor 9:19-23 (NASB) We
are to work at developing effective communication strategies. Jesus gives these
last words to His disciples in the Great Commission. And Jesus came up and
spoke to them, saying, "All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on
earth. 19 "Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in
the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, 20 teaching them to
observe all that I commanded you; and lo, I am with you always , even to the end
of the age."
heart motivation in missions: For the love of Christ controls us, having
concluded this, that one died for all, therefore all died; 15 and He died for
all, so that they who live might no longer live for themselves, but for Him who
died and rose again on their behalf.
2 Cor 5:14-15
(NASB) Going where there is not a church. And thus I aspired to preach the
gospel, not where Christ was already named, so that I would not build on another
man's foundation; 21 but as it is written, "THEY WHO HAD NO NEWS OF HIM SHALL
SEE, AND THEY WHO HAVE NOT HEARD SHALL UNDERSTAND."
last frontier in world missions
frontier is the farthermost limits, beyond or at the edge. This is known as
World A, made up of unreached people groups. Over 60% can�t read or write.
Most prefer oral communication. Over 80% of them, don�t understand English.
Unreached people -- 24% of the world's population -- receive 1/2 of 1% of
dollars given to Christian missions
Unevangelized World -- 43% of the world's population -- receives 5% of dollars
given to Christian missions
Christian World -- 33% of the world's population -- receives 94.5% of dollars
given to Christian missions
Evangelization by Worlds A, B, and C
"unreached" countries 38
of $100 given by Christians for ministry goes to missions and out of that 5
cents goes to mission work in the unreached world.
statistics from the places of the 10/40 Window:
of population:Two-thirds of the world's population -- more than 3.2 billion
people -- live in the 10/40 Window.
Unreached and unevangelized: 95% of the people living in the 10/40 Window are
unevangelized. Many have never heard the Gospel message even once. There are
either no Christians or not enough of a Christian movement in many cultures of
the 10/40 Window to carry out evangelism. If those groups are to be evangelized,
believers will need to leave their own culture to enter another where they will
seek to plant the Gospel. Cross-cultural evangelism is required because there
are people groups with no church movements that are understandable or relevant
religions: Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism are centered within the 10/40 Window.
evangelized cities: Half of the world's least evangelized cities are in this
billion people have not heard the Gospel one time.
same amount of witnessing, prayer, time, and money in North America there are 22
new believers, in S. America 50 new believers, in Mongolia 1000 new believers,
Kazakshstan 2000 new believers, and in Saudia Arabia there could be 6,500 new
can accelerate all stages of church growth and transformation. It can be used
in evangelism, discipleship, training leaders, church planting, and seeing whole
societies transformed. Media combined with human interaction is one of the most
effective means of communication. Consider your audience, who they are, where
they are, what their needs are. Ask, how can I best meet the needs of my
model of communication
time to understand His audience. He took them from the known to the unknown.
He followed an adaptive strategy. He utilized parables and real life
situations. He was fully dependent on the Holy Spirit.
Life Mission Statement
my unique contribution to God�s plan for world evangelization? Bring the Gospel
to Thailand, share in hospital and children�s ministry, use English teaching,
distribute Bibles and tracts, use media especially web design, pioneer a YWAM
base and plant and pastor a church. What are some of my dreams and visions? To
see Thailand become a Christian nation with millions coming to faith in Christ.
What do I believe is God�s highest aspiration for me? Preach the Gospel and
equip others to do it, and to become more Christ like.
Qualifications of Gospel communication
effective and relevant communication
elements of effective communication
audience, including their language and culture
about what people hear or perceive
work of the Holy Spirit
Transmission is when the message reaches the ear. Communication is when the
message reaches the mind and understanding is achieved.
of N. Africa, the Middle East, and part of Asia who believe in one God � Allah.
of India and Nepal
¼ of the unreached people in the world
people 2000 unreached people groups
1000 people groups
folk religion 200 people groups
Stress vs. Culture Shock
is the natural emotional response in adjusting to the differences in a new
culture from your own culture. There is friction at the contact stage. Culture
shock is avoidable while culture stress isn�t. Culture shock is not dealing
with the stress possibly leading to mental breakdown, trying to change the new
culture, refusing to adapt and cope.
one the honeymoon
is the same all over. Focusing on similarities rather than differences,
focusing on things familiar to your own cultural background. Enjoying, admiring
and finding amusement in some of the differences
two the contrast
a sense of confusion, a sense of isolation, unfulfilled expectations, and a lack
of familiar cultural cues
three the reaction / rejection
rascals broke my screwdriver while using it for a hammer again.� Stereotyping
is typical, trying to prove your own culture is better than theirs. But
remember �People don�t care how much you know, until they see how much you
care.� (John Maxwell) �Perhaps if I simply ignore her, she�ll go away.�
four the crossroads
are made between going native, fight, or flight.
five successful adjustment
able to truly communicate what is in your heart. Understanding is easily
achieved by your audience. You are becoming a belonger, an insider.
because people do things different doesn�t make it wrong.
tend to be ethnocentric centered on our own culture.
that increase stress
differences (i.e. cleanliness and punctuality)
Frustrations (related to living conditions or communication)
that decrease stress
spiritual resources (I can do all things through Christ who strengthens me)
factors combined equal your total culture stress
Recognize difficulties as culture stress. Develop cultural acceptance.
Strengthen you security in Christ with a new level of trust. Improve
communication � learn the language. Set realistic goals for yourself. Have
cultural retreats � where you enjoy something from your own culture.
culture? �All that we learn to do and how to do it from those around us� Dr.
Lloyd Quast. Culture is learned. Rules and ways to live, how relate with
others. �Culture is a complex coping system� Dr. Charles Kraft. �Culture is
cumulative and changing, the behavior and patterns add up over generations. From
time to time new behavioral patterns are introduced and soon many are following.
These [are] constantly changing, as old ways are discarded and new embraced.
All wrapped together into a system � the basic building blocks are utterances
(or ideas) artifacts and actions.� Dr. Sherwood Lingenfelter BIOLA.
the different parts of culture?
� what people do
what is right
� what is true
Worldview � what is real
eyes of the LORD move to and fro throughout the earth that He may strongly
support those whose heart is completely His.
the enemy of God�s best� Ken Bartsch
Markert is a YWAM Global Missions Strategist planting new bases underground.
are needed who say, �come with us, let us do it together.�
and will do what is described in Rev. 7:9.
not say, 'There are yet four months, and then comes the harvest'? Behold, I say
to you, lift up your eyes and look on the fields, that they are white for
will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace, on the throne of
David and over his kingdom, to establish it and to uphold it with justice and
righteousness from then on and forevermore. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will
and evangelism are the cry of God�s heart. God is on the move.
�Who wants to stay home and watch soap operas, when God�s turning the world
upside down� Floyd Mc Clung.
Christianity is growing at rate much faster than other religions, increasing by
6.9%. 74,000 come to faith in Christ each day. A new believer every three
seconds. During the 1990s the number of believers doubled. Demographics are
changing, in 1900 79% of Christians were white, now 34% are white, 18% Latin
American 16% African and 32% Asian. Asians are now sending 35% of the foreign
it worth it, but is He worthy?
especially web design is a great way to evangelize and disciple. Using Power
Point is great way to teach. Using movies can really move the heart.
is saying to me
the Lord for the opportunity to do web design on
great hope for Thailand
because God loves the peoples of Thailand very much. He very much wants them to
come to know Him.
God and stay busy communicating the Gospel.
God has brought to my attention
at work around the world to bring people of all nations, tongues, and tribes to
Himself. I was convicted about my lack of faith in trusting God to change the
world and in providing the huge amounts some families needed for outreach.