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  GREECE January 2004    
 Talbot Bible Lands Tour    

The sanctuary of Apollo at Delphi lies on a series of terraces on Mount Parnassos, between two huge rocks called the Phaidriades.  This was the center of Greek worship for centuries.  According to tradition, Delphiis the geographical center or navel, omphalos of the world.  Delphiwas first inhabited in Mycenaean times 14th-11th centuries BC  The main deity worshiped there then, was Ge the earth.  Later toward the 9th century BC  cult of Apollo became established.  Mythology says that he first killed the Python, the snake that guarded the oracle of Ge.  The first stone temples were built toward the end of the 7th century BC  Apollo emphasized compromise. His philosophy was history's first alternative to the "eye for an eye" approach to resolving issues. Apollo symbolized respect for life. "Moderation in all things," and Know thyself."

Delphi

navel
The omphalos, in the Delphimuseum

 

Delphi was a sanctuary consisting of temples and athletic facilities. It addressed the mind body and soul. It was dedicated to Apollo and was the home of the Apythian Games (after Apollo). These games occurred a month after the Olympic Games. The sanctuary remained active for 1,000 years between 700 BC and 300 AD. Delphiis famous for the Oracle where men went to seek answers from the gods. At the Oracle the priestess sat on a tripod near a place where vapors (sulfur fumes) came out of the earth.

Close to Arahova, the ski resort townon the main road from Athens to Delphi, lie the southern slopes of Mount Parnassus, which towers  8061ft over the Gulf of Corinth.  109 miles northwest of Athens, Delphican be reached by road via Livadia and Arahova.



Parnassos Mountains*


DelphiTheater 2nd Century BC*

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Temple of Apollo rebuilt 4th century BC, massive Doric
columns remain*
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Temple of Apollo rebuilt 4th century BC*
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Theater
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Theater
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Theater
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Parnassos
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Temple of Apollo
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Water supply trench down from temple
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Delphi 016.jpg
 
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Temple of Apollo
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Gym from above
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Gym
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Gym
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Stoa
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Stoa
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Stoa
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Stoa
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Temple of Athena
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Temple of Athena
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Altar of Apollo sign
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Delphi14.jpg
Doric treasury
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Doric treasury
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Doric treasury
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Altar of Apollo
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Treasury of Mssilla
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Treasury of Massilia
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Altar of Apollo
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Altar of Apollo ruins
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Altar of Apollo
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Approaching the temple, you pass the Stoa of the Athenians (dating from near the mid-5th century BC), built against the retaining wall that supported the temple.
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Athenian Stoa
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Athenian Stoa
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Theater
 
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*Pictures from bibleplaces.com Many of the high resolution pictures were taken by my roommate on the trip Daniel Roh

See  Athens Museum

 
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